Banjara embroidery is a wonderful art form of nomadic tribes. She specializes in mirror embroidery of multicolored threads, cowries, appliqués or patchwork and sewing patterns. Nomadic species do a lot of needlework. The nomadic Banjara clan is believed to be descended from European gypsies who settled in the desert lands of Rajasthan thousands of years ago. Due to their brightly colored clothing and jewelry, they are considered one of the most colorful tribes in India. Banjara tribal embroidery and mirror work is practiced by the nomadic Banjara people.
The Banjara tribe moved from northern India to the Deccan Plateau in southern India during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the 17th century. They spread over the Deccan Plateau. They also dwell in small communities called “Tandas” in the region. The art inherited from the nomadic culture is taken up by many fashion designers. One such name is Varsha Naik, a passionate youngster who weaves creativity through her flawless designs.
Kilan, Vele, Bakya, Maki, Suryakanthimaki, Kans, Teradora, Doranaki, Kaudi, Relogadri, Bhuria, Pote, Jolya, and Nakra Running Stitch among others are featured and cherished. Banjaras are known for their vibrant clothing, folk decorations, bracelets and banjara embroidery, which features floral, animal and bird themes, rangoli designs and traditional designs. In the past, the banjaras used to weave fabrics, but now they use organic cotton fabrics and poplin materials. Threads such as cotton, silk, rising thread, gold and silver are used. After placing the pattern made on the cloth sponge under the stiffness of the fabric, they begin to embroider, shaking the glass. Banjara women design and sew their own traditional clothing. And give it to their daughter as a wedding gift. Banjara embroidery is popular in the arts and crafts industry, and items are widely available.
Simple stitches like herringbone and chain stitches, as well as short and long stitches, are used to create the dolls cornucopia designs. Banjara is known for its distinct creativity in decoration with embroidered colors and coins, tufts of wool, cowries, beads, mirrors, cotton and other objects. Banjara’s embroidered outfits are superb. Intricate needlework is usually done on blue or brown colored materials and other shades of fabric using dark blue and red colors, cotton or woolen thread. This draws attention to the color contrast. For the patterns, some quilting strips are used and cotton threads are used to create a variety of weird geometric patterns.
Giving her her take on this versatile fashion designer, Rudavath Varsha Naik said: “I am a member of the banjara community, of which I am quite proud. It refers to the culture and its rich history. The true meaning of Banjara is “musafir” (traveller). We are all Banjara Musafir since we all start and end our lives somewhere, and in between we just travel. Our lives swirl around us as we move from childhood to old age, from sadness to joy. One of the most distinctive features of the Banjara group is their distinct and beautiful appearance, as well as their symbolic male and female traditional costume. The delicate mirror works, as well as the use of gorgeous natural colors. Now as a fashion designer my goal is to bring banjara costume into the fashion industry in a very unique and beautiful way and call my trend banjara fashion. This is how my eyes fill with the idea of making my community a fashion trend and making banjara fashion the path of my life.
Refined clothing and ethnic jewelry enhance the beauty of Banjara women, who proudly display their precious jewelry. Colorful ghagras, cholis and odnis are worn by Banjara women, who pair them with bright glasses and appliqués. The nomadic species do a lot of banjara embroidery and handicrafts. Banjara’s lively and rustic lifestyle is reflected in brightly colored clothing. The embroidery of Kutch Banjaras and Gujarat Banjaras differs from that of Banjaras. The embroidery is truly one of a kind in style and quality, with a blend of brightness and realism. Many geometric combinations, such as diamonds, squares, and triangles, are used in the exquisite embroidery created by this artistic style. Vibrant embroidery threads are largely emblematic of the banjara way of life. Beads, shells and mirrors are also used to embellish items.
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