Iranian Handicrafts: Khameh-Duzi from Sistan-Balochistan

TEHRAN – Khameh-Duzi is a subcategory of traditional embroidery in Iran. This craft is common in the southeastern province of Sistan-Balochistan, and in particular in the city of Zabol and its outskirts.

The craftsmanship is applied to decorate prayer rugs, garment busts, handkerchiefs, vests, tablecloths, beddings, blankets, cushions and many other items.

Khameh-Duzi or Kham-Duzi is made from raw silk threads and that is the reason why it is named so. Whatever the production, this handicraft somehow resembles Baloch embroidery. One difference is that in Khameh-Duzi only silk threads which are usually all white are used.

The word “Khameh”, which has its roots in the word “Kham” with the meaning of raw, refers to the fact that raw, undyed silk threads are used to make embroidery on soft white fabrics, according to Visit Iran.

The silk thread with its special sheen is used to create geometric patterns such as squares, rhombuses or paper windmills, on the white, matte background, which not only creates a spectacular view, but also adds to the durability and strength of the fine fabric.

Patterns are applied to the margins as strips, and flowers and bushes are applied to the center. In some cases, the designs are also printed with wooden blocks or painted onto the fabric with pencils and carbon papers.

It takes extensive and elaborate needlework to make a beautiful and beautiful piece of Khameh-Duzi. In the case of clothing, the Khameh-Duzi is accompanied by Siah-Duzi, a kind of black thread embroidery. For example, the buttonhole is sewn with black thread, and the collar and cuff are decorated with black dots.

The materials needed for Khameh-Duzi are satin or cotton fabric, needle, mirror and white silk thread. It is very delicate needlework and is used as very fine margins and stitches.

Khameh-Duzi has a parallel history to the history of silk work, and they have undergone many amazing changes over time. Moreover, Khameh-Duzi is also practiced as a domestic activity in some parts of Yazd province.