Khos Duzi consists of sewing thin strips of Khos or Naqdeh on fine and delicate lace fabrics.
The bands are arranged to form geometric, cursive, arabesque, “Danehee” and “Kheshti Payeh Boland” designs and patterns. In addition to lace fabrics, Khos Duzi is also applied to velvet.
To apply the stitches to the velvet, a kind of needle called a “caterpillar” is used. The history of Khos Duzi is not known to us, but it is certain that this craft was very popular in Bandar Abbas and Baluchestan during the Safavid dynasty.
After the Safavids, efforts were made to revalorize this embroidery which led its products to reach their most beautiful forms.
Khos Duzi is mainly used to decorate lace curtains, lace scarves (Jalbil) and lace chadors (usually in black), wedding dress, scarves, Holy Quran cover, pants, bedding, cushion covers, headwear, dresses, vests for women and much more.
The most used patterns in Khos Duzi are hexagonal, octagonal and dodecagonal stars. Others include “Noh Khesht”, “Kandoo Asal” or honeycomb, “Shesh Ghalb” or six hearts, “Khesht Dar Khesht”, little stars, “Hashieh Barg Anjiri”, “Ghalbi Khali”, “Tak Duzi”, “Por Duzi”, “Gushvareh”, “Naghsh e Gol” or flower, “Gol e Ferferei”, crab or “Kakalehe”, butterfly, scorpion, bowl, peacock, “Hashieh Ghalbi” and “Hashieh Chashm e Gav”.
As the patterns are very simple in this craft, it is not necessary to draw them on the fabric and the needleman makes the stitches according to his taste. The front and back of the fabric look the same and are particularly shiny. This is where the work is done delicately and neatly, so that the pattern is created on both sides of the fabric.
The threads used in Khos Duzi are gold or silver and are known as Khos threads. This is the reason why this handicraft is known as “Khos Duzi” which means “khos sewing”. Occasionally, artists from this region combine Khos Duzi with other crafts such as Golabatoon and sequins and create unique products.